The villages and their people are the transmitters of the heritage knowledge. They transmit their deeds and heritage knowledge, their way of life, stories, festivals, games, traditions, dances... all our heritage.
The architecture and heritage wealth of the Central Mountain of Asturias is the consequence of the geographic and climate environment, together with the historical events of the region. This combination brings about a very functional architecture which shapes a rural landscape suitable for the necessities of its inhabitants, with the mountain as main protagonist.
The inventiveness for overcoming the problems, the common sense for giving solutions to the necessities and the use of the elements of the nearest environment are the basis of the buildings and shape the way of life of the rural areas of the region.
Blending all these elements, each village creates its own personality, and although we refer to the villages in a general way, we can't forget that each of them has its own identity with a common characteristic, a very functional architecture which shapes the rural landscape suitable for the necessities of its population. The main building of the villages is the house as a family unit and, in many cases, as a productive unit too.
The house is the main element, and tells us the cultural traditions, the social interests, the economic regimen... They are simple buildings of different types depending on the necessities and the period of construction.
Houses with 'antoxana
The oldest houses, or buildings in general, take advantage of the materials that nature provides them, mainly stone which was replaced by bricks and hardwoods, such as oaks and chestnuts, in more modern buildings.
We can find houses:Houses with a portal
, which the place where the household or artisan works are done or even where the farming activities are completed.
', which is a porch that has the same function as the portal but outdoors.
Houses with a corridor
with a balustrade turned with wood, which gives light and heat to the house, and is a extension of the house. In many cases the corridor is closed with big windows forming “the gallery”
In many occasions, they have an oven
for baking bread and/or 'lagar'
for making cider. They can be built in or next to the house.
The stable and the barn are usually next to the house. The stable is usually in the groun floor and the barn in the first floor.
The 'hórreo' (corncrib): In all the rural area, there are 'hórreos', which can be individual or shared by several neighbours. They are buldings used as a pantry for the food for all the year and in many cases as storage area for the tools of the house.
Fountain, washing place and trough of public property are elements that we find in all the villages (although they aren't in the same conditions in all of them).
The mills aren't always in the village, since they need specific places for making the most of the water. The preserved ones in this region are shared mills.
The villages which are head of the parish have also a school, a church and a rectory and, in many cases, a manor house of a noble family, which productive unit was formed by a house, a chapel, stables, a dovecote, and 'hórreo' or 'panera', which is a clear sign of the economic power.